Ex. 1. Compare and analyze the usage of Present Simple Tense and Present Continuous Tense.
1. I usually watch TV in the evenings. I am watching TV now. 2. Are you looking for a key now? You always look very smart. 3. Why are you not wearing your new dress now? She usually wears fashionable clothes. 4. Today it is raining heavily outside. It rains heavily in autumn in this part of the country. 5. He walks very slowly as a rule but now he is walking fast. 6. I usually don’t rest after university, but today I’m very tired and I am having a rest. 7. I think I will be on holiday next month. I am going on holiday next month. 8. We live in Washington, though we are staying in London at the moment. 9. I play tennis every week. Where are the children? – They are playing tennis on the court now. 10. The foreign scientists are flying back to Europe tomorrow. Some passenger planes fly faster than sound.
Past Continuous Tense
| The Past Continuous Tense is used:
| For an action in progress at a definite moment in the past usually with time expressions
at five o’clock yesterday ,all day yesterday, the whole evening, all day long, when he came, while
|| 1. What were you doing at one o’clock yesterday? – At one o’clock yesterday I was having lunch. 2. Were you waiting for a bus when I noticed you at the bus stop? – No, I wasn’t. I was just passing by it.
| For a temporary action in the past
|| 1. When Alex met Mary in Minsk last year, she was not having preparatory courses for University. 2. Was she already studying at BSU? Yes, she was studying at the faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics.
Ex. 2. Compare and analyze the usage of the Past Simple Tense and the Past Continuous Tense.
1. I dropped my bag when I was running for a bus. 2. I played computer games yesterday. I was playing computer games at 3 o’clock yesterday. I was playing computer games the whole evening yesterday. 3. When I came into the kitchen, mother was cooking. 4. Did you do your homework yesterday? – I was doing my homework from 6 till 9 o’clock yesterday. 5. She always looked very smart. When I met her in Rome, she was wearing a long beautiful dress. 6. Father came home at 5 o’clock yesterday. Then he was reading a newspaper while mother was watching TV.
Future Continuous Tense
| The future Continuous Tense is used:
| For an action which will be going on at a definite moment in the future: at 6 o’clock tomorrow, the whole day tomorrow, at this time tomorrow
|| I will be working in the library at 10 o’clock tomorrow. And you? What will you be doing at this time? I will not (won’t) be working in the library, I’ll be preparingfor my exams.
| For an action which will be going on during a certain period of time in the future: when he comes
|| The children will not (won’t) be sleeping when I come home from work.
Will they be having a party?
No, they won’t. They will be havingsupper.
Ex. 3. Compare and analyze the usage of the Future Simple Tense and the Future Continuous Tense.
1.Tomorrow I will begin decorating my flat as soon as I come home from the market. I’ll be decorating it from 2 till 6 o’clock. 2. I think I’ll use a bike to get to school tomorrow. Will you be using your bike this evening? 3. Richard will be cleaning the house while Sue is cooking dinner. 4. This time tomorrow evening my friends will be flying over France. They’ll probably go to the UK too. 5. I think I’ll take an umbrella because it is still raining. They say it will be raining the whole week-end.
Ex. 4. Make the following sentences interrogative and negative.
1. This time next month I will be sitting on the beach. 2. Mr. Molden was driving a car at the time of the accident. 3. Peter will be working the whole evening tomorrow. 4. The little boy was swimming in the sea the whole morning. 5. Yesterday the teams were playing football from 2 till 5 o’clock. 6. It is getting cooler and cooler day by day. 7. Mr. Pitt is talking on the phone at the moment. 8. The Browns are moving house next week. 9. In two years’ time he will be living in the country.
Pronouns some, any, no
| Affirmative sentences
| Some and its compounds (somebody, something, somewhere, someone) is used with the meaning “small amount of something” and “какой-то, несколько”
|| There is some milk in the fridge.
В холодильнике есть молоко.
Some people enjoy jogging in the morning. Некоторые люди любят бегать по утрам.
I’d like to put you some questions.
Я хочу задать тебе несколько вопросов.
| Anyis used with the meaning “любой”
|| You can come any day you like.
Вы можете прийти в любой день.
| Someis used before numerals with the meaning “приблизительно, несколько”
|| There were some ninety people at the concert.
На концерте было около девяноста человек.
| Any is used in general reported questions
|| The police asked John if he had seen anybody in a dark coat in the bank. Полиция спросила Джона, видел ли он кого-нибудь в темном пальто в банке.
| Any is used after hardly, without, seldom, never, rarely etc.
|| I hardly know anybody in the neighborhood.
Я едва знаю кого-либо из соседей.
| Interrogative sentences
| Anyand its compounds( anybody, anyone, anything, anywhere) are normally used in interrogative sentences
|| Have you got any free time tonight?
У тебя есть свободное время сегодня вечером?
| Someand its compounds are used in interrogative sentences when we make an offer or request
|| May I have some more coffee?
Могу ли я взять еще кофе?
Would you like some tea?
Не хотели бы вы чаю?
| Someis used with the meaning “a part of”
|| Can I take some of these oranges?
Могу ли я взять апельсины?
| Anycan modify comparatives
|| Can you go any faster?
Не мог бы ты идти немного быстрее?
| Someis used in special questions
|| Why haven’t you given me something to cover with?
Почему ты не дал мне, чем укрыться?
| Negative sentences
| Nois equivalent to not any
|| I have no free time left. (I don’t have any free time left.)
У меня не осталось свободного времени.
| Nocan modify comparatives
|| I’m afraid the weather is nobetter than it was yesterday.
Я боюсь, что погода нисколько не лучше, чем она была вчера.
| Not anyis not normally used with subjects, no and none of are used instead
|| No tourists ever came to our village.
Никакие туристы никогда не приезжали в нашу деревню.
None of my friends lives near me.
Никто из моих друзей не живет рядом со мной.