Fill in the blanks with the necessary words.
Agree or disagree with the following statements.
1. People nowadays are more health-conscious than they used to be.
2. It’s common knowledge that smoking and drinking can shorten our lives dramatically.
3. In recent years eating habits have undergone a change.
4. Natural catastrophes, provoked by human dominating the Earth, teach us to be merciful to the
other people and to our planet.
5. Personally I believe that regularity in life, reasonable hours of work and rest promote our
6. Programmes which contain the amount of violence and bad language are dangerous for
7. Among the laws of the healthy way of life is positive attitude towards people and things
Memorize the following proverbs and illustrate them with situations.
SMOKE OR NOT TO SMOKE
Michele Parks interviews two people with very different opinions. One is Julia Halewood, an advertising executive. She is also the leader of the “Campaign Against Smoking in Public Places”. The other is Daniel Paul, a novelist and film writer.
Parks: Smoking used to e considered fashionable. But now people like you, Julia are suggesting
that it’s anti-social, even almost criminal. Could you tell us why?
Julia: Look at the facts. As a nation we spend more on tobacco than we do on educating our
children or on doctors, medicine and hospitals. Smokers, of course, are far more likely to
come down with diseases like cancer or chronic bronchitis, and have to be treated at the
nation’s expenses. But not only do they ruin their own health but that of others as well.
They force us to inhale the poison they blow into the air. This, of course, is dreadfully
Parks: Well, what do you suggest should be done?
Julia: First, double the tax on all forms of tobacco. Second, ban all forms of tobacco advertising.
Third, ban smoking itself in all restaurants, trains, public meeting-places and places like
schools and hospitals. And fourth, protect young people more than we do now.
Parks: What kind of protection did you have in mind?
Julia: Among other things we could double or triple the fines on anyone who sells tobacco to
people under the age of 18. And we could and must intensify our efforts to educate
young people – to show them the dreadful effects of this dreadful habit.
Parks: Daniel Paul. What’s your reaction to this?
Paul: It seems an exaggeration, to say the least. I don’t deny that smoking can be harmful. But
so can lots of other habits. Eating sweets, for example.
Julia: Oh, I just can’t accept that there’s any comparison between the two habits! And I very much
doubt that anybody else can, either.
Paul: Perhaps you’d let me finish. Lots of people die because they eat far too much sugar.
Not only does it cause things like tooth-decay, it makes people overweight, as well.
And as a result they often die of heart-attacks. But there’s no tax on sweets, and
no campaign to ban them, either.
Julia: Of course too much sugar is bad. But who’s harmed by it? Only person who eats too much!
Paul: Just a moment. On the one hand you want to ban smoking in restaurants because you say
the smoke is bad for non-smokers. But on the other hand you say nothing about motor cars.
You don’t really believe that smoking causes as much pollution as motor cars, do you?
Julia: Of course I don’t. But…
Paul: Then why don’t you try to ban cars from public places, as well? From the roads,
Julia: Motor cars at least solve some useful purpose.
Paul: You can hardly expect smokers to give up the simple pleasure of a cigar or cigarette
after a good meal in a restaurant.
Julia: Quite the contrary! You can hardly expect non-smokers to have the simple pleasure
of actually tasting the food ruined by selfish and thoughtless smokers!
Paul: Aren’t you going a bit too far when you say that we actually ruin the pleasure of tasting
the food? You don’t really believe that, do you?
Parks: Well, we’ll come back to that question after a short break for a song. And its title,
strangely enough, is “Smoke Keeps Getting In My Eyes”. And here to sing it is Edith
Choose the one best answer.
1. The main reason Julia thinks smoking is anti-social to be because:
a) it is so expensive; b) smokers harm themselves; c) people do not object enough to it;
d) smokers harm themselves and others.
2. She wants to ban tobacco-advertising or:
a) allow it only at certain times; b) not allow it at all; c) put tax on it; d) attack those who do it.
3. Smokers come down with cancer or:
a) die of it; b) cause others to die of it; c) suffer from the disease; d) do not realize they will get it.
4. Daniel Paul believes that Julia:
a) makes smoking sound worse than it is; b) is more or less correct in what she says;
c) is herself overweight because she eats too much sugar; d) should not compare smoking and eating sweets;
5. Pollution is:
a) something caused only by cars; b) a type of disease smokers get; c) dirt, bad air and things like that; d) any bad habit which causes a disturbance;
6. How does Daniel feel about smoking in restaurants?
a) he sees nothing really wrong in it; b) he agrees it is a very unpleasant thing; c) he says smokers must expect to give it up; d) he says he never does it himself.
Use these or other ways you can think of to describe your attitude to such things as: a) smoking;
b) chewing tobacco and spitting it out; c) laughing and singing loudly in public; d) playing radios or tape-recorders in public; e) letting dogs run wild or foul the pavement; f) arguing, losing one’s temper, swearing.
Ïîñëåäíåå èçìåíåíèå ýòîé ñòðàíèöû: 2016-06-09