:






Can, could, may, might, should, must

must/mustn't is stronger that should/shouldn't:

You musttake your passport when you travel abroad, (obligation)

/ think it's going to rain. You shouldtake an umbrella, (advice)

5. Write the sentences, choosing one of the modals:

1 We are leaving tonight, so you (should/must) buy a ticket for the flight. We are leaving tonight, so you must buy a ticket for the flight.

2 (May/Might) I come in?

3 David (can/could) cook well when he wants to.

4 'Do you think it (can/might) rain?'

'Yes, possibly. We don't want to get wet so I think we (should/must) take our raincoats.'

5 Jenny tried to carry him but she {can't/couldn't).

6 We (can/might) visit my cousin in Australia next year but we don't know yet.

7 In many countries, you {should/must) wear a seat belt in the car - it's the law.

8 (Can/May) you hold this for me, please?

9 I know they enjoy their work but they (shouldn't/'mustn't) work at the weekends. It's not good for them. I think they (should/must) spend time at home with their families.

10 The letter (can/may) arrive tomorrow.

6. Complete the sentences with can, could, may, might, should or must in the positive or negative:

1 Richard's only three but he can swim very well.

2 You've had that headache for two days. I think you go to the doctor.

3 I don't think we go to the beach because it rain this afternoon.

4 I lived in Germany as a child so I speak German then but I speak it now.

5 You remember to take your passport tomorrow.

6 you close the door, please?

7 We move house next year but we're not sure yet.

8 Passengers smoke when the plane is taking off.

9 I think you play tennis with Sally - she play really well.

10 'Do you think I learn some Portuguese before I go to Brazil?'

'Yes, that would be a good idea.'

11 We remember to pay this bill before the weekend - it's very important. If we don't, we'll have no electricity.

12 I know you like sugar but you eat quite so much - it's bad for you.

13 I'll be at work on Saturday so I'm afraid I come to the football match with you.

14 I was listening very carefully but I hear what she said.

15 They don't like living in the countryside - it's too quiet. I think they move back to the city but they don't agree.


UNIT 11

FAMILY

Pre-Reading task: Have you got a family of your own or do you live with your parents? How far is family important for you?

Marriageis a thing which only a rare person in his or her life avoids. True bachelorsand

spinstersmake up only a small percent of the population; most single peopleare alone but not

lonely. Millions of others get marriedbecause of the fun of family life. And it is fun, if one takes a sense of humour. There is a lot of fun in falling in lovewith someone and chasing the prospective fiancee, which means datingand going outwith the candidate. All the relatives(parents, grandparentsand great-grand-parents, brothersand sisters, cousins, auntsand uncles, niecesand nephews, stepmothersand stepfathersand all in-laws) meanwhile have the fun of criticizing your choice and giving advice. The trick here is not to listen to them but propose toyour bride-to-beand somehow get her to accept your proposal. Then you may arrange the engagement and fix the dayof the wedding.

What fun it is to get all those things, whose names start with the word wedding dress, rings, cars, flowers, cakes, etc.! Its great fun to pay for them. Its fun for the brideand the groomto escape from the guests and go on a honeymoon trip, especially if it is a wedding presentfrom the parents.

The guests remain with the fun of gossiping whether you married for loveor for money. Its fun to return back home with the idea that the person you are married tois somewhat different from the one you knew. But there is no time to think about it because you are newly-wedsand you expect a baby. There is no better fun for a husbandthan taking his wifeto a maternity homealone and bringing her back with the twinsor triplets. And this is where the greatest fun starts: washing the new-borns nappiesand passing away sleepless nights, earning money to keep the family, taking children to kindergartenand later to school. By all means its fun to attend parents meetingand to learn that your children take after youand dont do wellat school.

The bigger your children grow, the more they resembleyou outwardly and the less they display likeness with you inwardly. And you start grumbling atthem and discussing with your old friends the problem of the generation gap. What fun!

And when at last you and your grey-haired spousestart thinking that your family life has calmed down, you havent divorcedbut preserved your union, the climax of your fun bursts out! One of your dearest off-springsbrings a long-legged blonde to your house and says that he wants to marry. And you think: Why do people ever get married?

VOCABULARY


marriage - ; ;

bachelor

spinster-

single people

alone but not lonely ,

to get married- (/ )

family life

to fall in love -

fiancée -

to date - ,

to go out -,

relatives -

parents -

grandparents

great-grand-parents -

cousin - , ; ,

aunt

uncle -

niece -

nephew -

stepmother -

stepfather -

in-laws - ,

to propose to smb -

bride-to-be -

proposal-

to fix the day ()

wedding-

bride ( )

groom ( )

honeymoon trip

wedding present

to marry for love/for money - / /-

to be married to smb -, -/ -

newly-weds

to expect a baby

husband -

wife

maternity home

twins

triplets

new-born -

nappies -

to keep the family

kindergarten

to attend parents meeting

to take after you /

to do well at school

to resemble smb -

to grumble at smb - -

generation gap - ,

spouse ()

to divorce -

to preserve your union

off-spring - ,


1.Brain Teaser

Note the names we give to the various members of our family. Each of the fourteen people below is marriedto one of the others. From the information you are given, find out who is married to whom. Note there are three generations here.

Alan is Carolines nephewand Larrys cousin.

Barbara is Larrys motherand Maggies sister-in-law.

Caroline is Edwards daughterand Maggies sister-in-law.

David is Gordons brother-in-lawand Alans uncle.

Edward is Ingrids grandfatherand Maggies father-in-law.

Fanny is Carolines mother and Alans grandmother.

Gordon is Helens son-in-lawand Nigels brother-in-law.

Helen is Barbaras mother-in-lawand Larrys grandmother.

Ingrid is Gordons niece and Davids daughter-in-law.

John is Davids fatherand Gordons father-in-law.

Karen is Gordons daughter-in-law and Maggies daughter-in-law.

Larry is Johns grandsonand Davids son.

Maggie is Larrys auntand Fannys daughter-in-law.

Nigel is Ingrids father and Fannys son-in-law.

2. Fill in suitable words:

1. Your aunts son is your . 2. Your fathers father is your . 3. My sisters son is my . 4. His sisters daughter is his . 5. My mothers brother is my . 6. Your mothers sister is your . 7. Your fathers brother is your . 8. Your uncles daughter is your . 9. Your brothers wife is your . 10. Your sisters husband is your . 11. Your husbands mother is your . 12. Your mothers mother is your . 13. Your mothers brother-in-law is your . 14. Your sisters son is your . 15. Your brothers daughter is your .

3. Choose the most suitable word or phrase to complete the sentence below:

1. Mrs Jones had .

a.trio b.a treble c.triplets

2. Mrs Vine had had the week before.

a. quarts b.quads c.a quartet

3. Twins often seem to a generation.

a. hop b.skip c.jump

4. There was a case of twins in our town recently.

a.Japanese b.Chinese c.Siamese

5. Theres a of twins in our family on my fathers .

a.story b.geography c.history

d.tree e.side f.line

6. I was child, though.

a.an only b.a missing c.a single

7. All the members of our football team are related marriage.

a.by b.to c.on

8. When Mother remarried, her second husband, my , gave me a new bicycle.

a.forefather b.stepfather c.grandfather

9. He said to me, Look, I know youre not my own , but lets be friends.

a.flesh and blood b.blood and guts c.skin and bones

10. My originatedfrom a tribe of Red Indians.

a.ancestors b.ancients c.antiques

11. Not many of my own relatives are still alive.

a.blood b.skin c.heart

12. My -grandfather fought at the Battle of Waterloo.

a.grand grand grand b.great grand grand c.great-great-great

13. My brother-in-law inherited.500,000 in his uncles .

a.will b.testament c.wishes

14. I was left .50 and a cat by relative; I believe it was a cousin or perhaps it was a aunt.

a.a distant b.an unclear c.a long-distance

d.double e.second f.dual

g.grand h.great i.large

15. Peter is an orphan; he was at the age of two.

a.adjusted b.adapted c.adopted

16. Paul comes from a broken home; he has lived with a number of parents.

a.loan b.foster c.second-hand

17. Mary was from a single-parent family; now shes looked after by her .

a.keeper b.warden c.guardian

18. Im off to have Sunday lunch with my new now.

a.outlaws b.by-laws c.in-laws

: 2016-08-29

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