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Ex.5. Match the nouns in the left hand column with the adjectives in the right hand column.

  payroll   authority   staff   executive legal official monthly weekly senior chief permanent temporary


Ex.6. Look at the words and phrases in the box. Match them with the correct definition from the list below:





1. a person who works for another person, business or government;

2. a person who is employed to control, organize and direct part or all of a business or organization;

3. (informal) a person who is responsible for the work of a company, a department or at least one other person;

4. a person with authority who watches others work to make sure a job is done properly;

5. a list of all the people employed by a company, and the amount of money paid to each of them;

6. the (official) power to give orders, make decisions, etc.;

7. a person that you work with in a profession or business;

8. an employee who does unskilled work, usually in a factory;

9. a person who works in an office;

10. all the employees in an office or factory;

11. a manager in a company who has the power to spend money, hire and fire employees.


Ex.7. Write the appropriate word or phrase in the following spaces. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian.

1. The new salary structure only affects … .

2. Health and safety regulations state that all … must wear a uniform.

3. Many of his … are more qualified than he is.

4. The … has been reduced by half in the last five years.

5. If you have any problems please talk to your … .

6. She has been on the … for nearly 20 years.

7. I have no … to change decisions taken by management.

8. She has excellent advertising … .

9. She is an … with a bank.

10. The company has over 1000 people on its … .


Authority, executive, skills, payroll (2), supervisor, workforce, colleagues, blue-collar workers, white-collar workers.



Ex.8. Fill in the missing prepositions.

1. The company’s owner granted each manager authority to spend up … $ 10,000 … travel.

2. We hired him and put him … the payroll.

3. The workforce … this area is well-educated.

4. My colleagues … the office agree … this proposal.

5. Most blue-collar workers … the USA do not belong … unions.

6. He got a white-collar job … a computer programmer.

7. She is the boss … the publishing company.

8. She has years … experience … marketing

9. Large corporations try to develop their human resources … giving educational programs.

10. She is senior … the others … the company because she has worked here the longest.

(to (4), on (2), in (5), as, at, of, by)



Ex.9. These words are often confused:

Employer – employee

employer – a person, company or organization that pays someone to work for them
employee – someone who works for a person, business, or government

Complete these sentences using the correct form of one of the words above. Make your own sentences to show that you understand the difference in their meaning.

1. The company has 1200 … .

2. She asked her … for a pay rise.

3. The steel works used to be the largest … in the town.

4. She is an … of this company.

5. My … is United Chemical.

6. All the company’s … are encouraged to take part in training courses.

7. Philips is an equal opportunities … .

8. I’ll have a word with my … about leaving early this afternoon.

9. We cannot afford to lose skilled … .

10. There are plenty of seasonal … in the tourists industry.

11. Their … worked a ten-hour day.

12. Bill's … offered to pay for the course.



Exercises in Comprehension


Ex.1. Answer the following questions:

1. What does “Human Resources” mean?

2. What is an employer?

3. What is an executive?

4. Who is at the head of an organization?

5. Whom do we call “boss”?

6. What is workforce?

7. Where do white-collar workers work?

8. What do blue-collar workers do?

9. What is a supervisor in charge of?

10. What is a payroll?

11. What is a payroll usually divided into?

12. What do managers usually run?


Ex.2. Explain the difference between white-collar and blue-collar workers.


Ex.3. Sum up what the text says about:

s Human Resources

s Employers and employees

s Executives

s Payroll


Grammar Revision


Past time (Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect Simple, Past Perfect Continuous)


Ex.1. Choose the correct variant:

1. He decided to go to the office immediately when he remembered he _______ the door.

a) didn’t lock b) had not locked c) have not locked

2. He has tested four new machines since he ________ the company.

a) joined b) had joined c) has joined

3. When we installed the new equipment, it _______ already obsolete.

a) became b) had become c) has become

4. While we were seeking a new solution, they _______ everything to change our plans.

a) had done b) were doing c) did

5. When she took her driving test, she _______ about 10 driving lessons.

a) had had b) had c) was having

6. The hotel manager called the police when he discovered that a guest ______ without paying his bill.

a) left b) had left c) leaves

7. He _______ in the laboratory when you rang.

a) worked b) was working c) had worked

8. Phil ______ to someone on the phone as we walked in.

a) talked b) was talking c) had talked

9. I ______ the report since early morning when suddenly he came.

a) was reading b) had been reading c) read

10. We _______ the main office before we moved into it.

a) were reconstructing b) reconstructed c) had reconstructed

11. She always _______ formal clothes to work.

a) was wearing b) wore c) had been wearing

12. He _______ for 10 years at his telephone business, before he decided it was time for a change.

a) worked b) was working c) had been working


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