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Ex.2. Compete the sentences by putting the verb in brackets into the correct tense.

1. He ______ in the USA for two years when he decided to buy a house. (live)

2. The telephone _______ when I was discussing this plan with my boss. (ring)

3. I _____ for their company from 1996 to 1998. (work)

4. I hardly ______ the office when it started to rain. (leave)

5. I _____ to London several times before 2000. (go)

6. We _____ the answer to that problem yet when he came. (find/not)

7. I haven’t seen him since he ______ working for our company. (stop)

8. They ______ so loudly that I could not hear his words. (talk)

9. As the equipment _____ we decided to replace it. (get old)

10. We ______ a lot of work with British suppliers when he bought the company. (do)

11. After she had spoken to the manager, she ______ the report. (write)

12. The conference was very interesting and it was obvious that all the speakers _______ their material very thoroughly. (prepare)



Speech and Discussion


Ex.1. Discuss with your groupmates:

s what role human resources play in the work of a company;

s whose work is the most important in a company.


Ex.2. What qualities in your opinion are the most important for the employer?


Ex.3. Familiarize yourself with the following idioms. Consult your dictionary and translate the sentences into Ukrainian. Think of situations where you could use them.

1. Providing services is the bread and butter of our business.

2. He was green with envy when I won the first prize in the competition.

3. We need $ 10, 000 to clear our debts. I’m afraid the $ 5, 000 Ted has offered us is only a drop in the bucket.

4. I am not worried about the consequences. I have a friend at court.

5. We have a gentleman’s agreement. When you are dealing with Malcolm, that is as good as a signed contract.


Ex.4. Comment on the following:

“A man who builds his own pedestal had better use strong cement.”

(Anna Quindlen)


Lesson 3

Text: Recruitment Procedure

Grammar: Future time (uses of shall/will/ going to/present continuous/ present simple to talk about the future)


Terms to remember


recruit (v) наймати на роботу
hire (v) наймати (робітників)
advertise (v) рекламувати
vacancy вакансія
employment/ recruitment agency агентство з добору кадрів
jobseeker людина, яка шукає роботу
headhunter спеціаліст, який підбирає на роботу керівників вищого рангу
search (v) шукати
persuade (v) переконувати
promise обіцянка
golden hello золоте привітання; велика сума грошей чи інша форма фінансового заохочення, яку компанія пропонує керівникам високої кваліфікації, яких запрошує на роботу
financial enticement фінансове заохочення
post посада
apply for (v) звертатися з проханням, подавати заяву
application form анкета, заява
job description посадові обов’язки/вимоги; посадова інструкція
complete the form (v) заповнити анкету
curriculum vitae (CV, BrE) автобіографія, резюме
resume (AmE) резюме
covering letter супровідний лист
applicant подавець заяви, прохач; кандидат, претендент; заявник


Recruitment Procedure


Personnel departments are usually involved in finding new staff and recruiting (hiring, AmE) them.

Recruitment is the process of employing new people. This process will vary from one organization to another.

When a company needs to recruit or employ new staff, it may advertise the vacancy in newspapers, or may contact an employment (recruitment) agency, a private company that matches jobseekers with jobs. Companies looking for senior staff may approach people working for another company, a practice known as headhunting. Headhunters are specialist consultants who search for high-level executives and try to persuade them to leave their current job in order to go to work in another company. Executives may be persuaded to move company by the promise of a golden hello: a large sum of money or some other financial enticement offered by the company they move to.

If you are a jobseeker (a person who is looking for a job) and you are interested in a particular post, you may decide to apply for the job. The first step is to get an application form and a job description from the company. The next step is to complete the form and return it with your curriculum vitae (CV, BrE) or resume (AmE), which is a summary of your work history, education and skills. You should also send a covering letter, supporting your CV. It will explain why you want the job and why you are the right person for it. By doing this you have become an applicant. The company’s Human Resources department will select the most suitable applicants and invite them to attend an interview.


Notes:In British English, you hire a person for a job that will last only a short time, but you employ them for a permanent job.

In American English, you always hire people whether it is for a short or a long period of time.



Exercises in Word Study


Ex.1. Form nouns from the following verbs:

involve, employ, vary, identify, apply, advertise, persuade, move, decide, describe.


Ex.2. Give the English for:

відділ кадрів; наймати на роботу; рекламувати; вакансія; агентство з добору кадрів; людина, яка шукає роботу; переконувати залишити роботу; обіцянка фінансового заохочення; звертатися з проханням про роботу; заповнити анкету; резюме; супровідний лист; претендент.

Ex.3. Match words from list A with words from list B that have a similar meaning:

leave recruit vary need search persuade decide complete return post position give back fill in resolve convince look for necessity change select give up


Ex.4. Find suitable opposites to the following words and phrases:

to preserve, general, last, state, low level, to stay.


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